Directors and Officers Liability Insurance

Directors and Officers Liability Insurance (often called D&O ) is liability insurance payable to the directors and officers of a company, or to the organization(s) itself. Most D&O policies will cover damages or defense costs in the event they suffer such losses as a result of a lawsuit for alleged wrongful acts while acting in their capacity as directors and officers for the organization. Such coverage can extend to defense costs arising out of regulatory investigations/trials as well; in fact, often civil and criminal actions are brought against directors/officers simultaneously. It has become closely associated with broader management liability insurance, which covers liabilities of the corporation as well as the personal liabilities for the directors and officers of the corporation.
Directors and Officers (D&O) liability insurance is purchased by companies to shield the personal assets of the Directors and Officers against claims from:
Current or ex-employees
Corporate fraud
Statutory suits
The corporate landscape in Canada has often been characterized as one dominated by small and medium enterprises (SEM). According to Statistics Canada, there are 2.3 million SME's in Canada who employ 2/3 Canadians and account for about 60% all new jobs created in the private sector. It is clear that SME'S are a vital part of Canada's economy yet a majority are without any form of management protection otherwise know as Directors and Officers insurance. In a survey released in September 2008 by Chubb Insurance, 63% of private companies did not have any type of Directors and Officers Liability. The survey went on to breakdown what types of lawsuits these companies faced.
29% from employees
5% from competitors
6% from vendors
16% from clients
44% from shareholders.
The average cost to Canadian companies was $ 338,699 taking into account judgements, settlements, fines and legal fees. In Ontario, bill 189 has made it easier for shareholders to sue companies along with their Directors and Officers.
Charities and Non Profit Organizations (NPO's) are also a relatively untapped market in Canada when it comes to Directors and officers Insurance. There are more than 160,000 NPO's in Canada. As important as charities are, recent scandals have tarnished their image and opened the door to increased litigation against the Board of Directors. Charities and their Boards are now regularly being held accountable for:
Misuse of funds
Conduct of fundraising activities
Wrongful dismissal
Sexual harassment
In today's economic climate, NPO's are faced with diminishing levels of financial support, stricter rules and regulations and an increasingly savvy public making sure their donations are used to the maximum and best use. As corporate D/O has reached its saturation point, insurers are looking at targeting NPO's and SEM's. Simpler applications, lower premiums and packaged policies are now surfacing throughout Canada.
New markets entering this class of business are willing to reduce rates substantially to secure accounts with Canada's leading businesses and organizations. The D/O product is an excellent coverage to help fill the needs of these organizations and also presents an excellent opportunity to build closer relationships with business owners, CEO's & CFO's.
Market segmentation and the growth of niche insurers looks to continue upward as standard carriers continue to decline in numbers, tightening their focus on personal lines. Niche opportunities exist in both personal and commercial lines. Aligning with flexible niche insurers, brokers and MGA's can offer a wide range and various combinations of services, and continue to create successful programs.

Considering Student Insurance

Student insurance is a must for any child that is studying either in their home country or abroad. A price cannot be put on your child's safety and health. If you haven't already thought about student insurance, it's time to at least learn some details about a policy.
Traditionally, families will carry their children on their insurance policy that is provided by their employer. While this is a significant way to keep the family healthy, it may not provide adequate coverage for your student children.
If your student is attending an out-of-state or out- of- country school, a student insurance policy is warranted. Your current insurance policy may consider the health care providers in other geographical areas as "out of network". This will ultimately increase your out-of-pocket costs and can even raise your premiums.
Some health insurance plans will "drop" the children when they reach the age of 18, 19, and 20, 21 or even higher, the age varies by state and plan. Be aware of the policies stipulation for age limits and keep in mind that you may need to purchase a student insurance policy.
Often times, student insurance is less expensive than traditional health insurance policies-some reasons for the price differences are:
  • Often student health clinics procure prodigious discounts when services are utilized on campus. Due to the campus service, student insurance plans don't need to be as comprehensive as traditional plans, therefore be less expensive.
  • When students complete their education, they are no longer eligible for student insurance, resulting in a short period of time that the insurance will be effective. The insurance companies that supply the policy are aware that the chances of the student implementing and utilizing their student insurance policy will be low. This ultimately ends up lowering the price of the policy premiums when compared to traditional health insurance policies.
  • Traditionally, college students are younger and typically healthier than the general population, resulting in reduced risk for the insurer. Student insurance rates typically reflect that reduced risk.
Once you decide to attain a insurance quote, remember to ask a few questions, such as:
  • What is the maximum amount of coverage supplied to me?
  • What will my deductible be?
  • Will the cost of my premiums change throughout the year?
  • What items are not covered on this plan? For example, some carriers won't cover academic or recreational sports accidents and injuries.
  • Will I have a list of physicians that I can choose from or can I see any physician?
  • Do I need a referral to see a specialist?
  • What are my options if I fall ill or injured while traveling?
  • Will I ever need a pre-approval from the carrier before obtaining any format of health care?
  • What happens if I decide to go to graduate school?
  • What types of visits does my policy cover, sick visits or healthy visits?
Student insurance is definitely important to research and consider if your children are in school. Accidents and illnesses happen and once they have occurred, we cannot change the outcome-best to have the coverage available to receive premium health care for your family.

How to Calculate PMI

PMI (private mortgage insurance) is one of the many products of insurance companies for mortgage lenders. It is designed to protect them from borrowers who will default in their payments. The law requires that when the down payment on a home is less than 20% of the value of the home, the borrower takes out a Private Mortgage Insurance.
When you want to calculate your exact PMI balance, you will need your principal balance, the PMI rate, the recent home appraisal and the amortization schedule. The appraisal of your home will give you the current market value of your property. You will need to determine the loan to value ratio of your (LTV) first. For this, you will need the remaining balance you owe the mortgage lender. This value will be divided by the appraised value of your home and the percentage you get is your loan to value ratio.
If the percentage of your LTV is more than 80%, you need to look at the corresponding rate according to your lender. There are different rates for different loan-to-value ratios and these rates vary from one lender to the other. All lenders have a PMI chart, and will have corresponding rates according to their charts.
Second, you need to determine how much you will pay your lender every year. This is simple, just multiply the value of mortgage you pay per month by the number of months remaining for you to pay. When you have this balance, multiply it by the rate of your PMI. Using the PMI chart of your lender, you will have already determined the rate of your PMI. Once you have the figures, you will divide it by twelve months, which will determine the monthly premium you will have to pay to the insurance company every year.
The function of your amortization schedule in all this is to help you know then your LTV will drop to a value below 80%. When this happens, you do not have any need to pay PMI and you can save the money for other purposes. When you are sure the rate has dropped below 80%, you're your lender yourself and ensure that it has been removed. Most people are paying the PMI rates out of their own ignorance. Ensure that you have the most recent appraisal of your home. Do not use one that has expired. You will have an advantage if your home has increased in value over time since it will reduce the LTV ratio on your home and get you below the 80% which will then justify your non-payment of the PMI.

The Basics Of Insurance

When you get that bill in the mail every month for whatever kind of insurance you've got to pay, most people groan and grumble. After all, most people never use their insurance, so paying for something every month without seeming to get anything in return seems like a waste of money. But the truth is that insurance is an essential part of society.

When you buy insurance, you are mitigating risk. Whenever you do anything in life, there are risks involved. When you walk down the stairs, you might fall. When you drive your car, you might crash. If you own a home, there may be some kind of an accident and the house will burn down.
When these things happen, they will generally come with an incredibly high price. And most people don't have that kind of cash lying around. That's where insurance comes in. Insurance is designed to pay for these things if they happen.

And the good news is that if you do have to use insurance to pay for something, such as a house that has been damaged by fire, or if you happen to total your car, the amount you will receive to pay for the damage will generally be much more than the amount you've paid into insurance.
How can this be possible? How do insurance companies stay in business? It is based on something called the "Law Of Large Numbers." This means that the larger the number of people, (or houses or cars) the more accurately the insurance companies can predict how many incidents will happen in a year.

They they can calculate how much it will cost to pay for all these incidents. After adding in their operating costs, they divide this number by the total people participating in the insurance plan. It's a little bit more complicated than this, but this is the general idea.
This way, everybody pays a little bit of money, and is in turn protected against any potential damage that may happen down the road. This is why insurance is so important.

If it wasn't for insurance, people would be exposed to large financial risks. Without a way to handle these risks, this would have an adverse affect on society in general. That's why in many states, it is required to have car insurance in order to drive. Also, if you get a mortgage for a house, you are required to buy fire insurance.

Save Money When You Look At Insurance Rates And Conditions

The price increase makes it more difficult for many to make ends meet. Most families today are an average of drastic cuts to maintain the lifestyle they were accustomed to live. Save money on a monthly budget is important to make the necessary changes and get all the bills paid on time. One way to reduce your insurance bill is learning how to revise the terms and insurance rates.

Cover major companies these days are online and have specific areas on their websites for use in the learning of the main ways to save on their procurement policy. The number of your driver's license, vehicle identification number, make and model of your vehicle and driving record are examples of information you need to get an accurate quote. Consider the exchange of information like your social security number or credit card is usually not necessary.

Making the whole amount in one installment can help you save. When you make your monthly payments, you also pay for the costs of this type. For many people, taxes will be easier. However, when you need to make budget cuts, look at the entire year of savings is important.

Drivers in a discount store experience on their premiums. These drivers may also consider raising the deductibles reduce policy premiums as well. Many motorists to save money in a savings account for emergency debts such as car accident franchises in place.

Knowing the type of coverage you need to help you make the right decisions when buying a policy. Learn what is required by law in which they live is the first step in the right choice. Additional facts, for example, if your vehicle is financed or has other drivers in your household can make a difference in the amount of the premium will be.

Discounts can help you save a lot of coverage. List of discounts to those who know you are eligible to make comparisons before bond is a good idea. Research on each discount offered is the way to learn about those who do not know you could get. Taking the time to do homework is another way to enjoy your trip.

In today's times, saving every penny is important just to survive. Making the right choices when comparing insurance quotes can help you save at the same time so you can be safe and legal coverage you need.